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Range Map

Hairy-tailed Mole

Hairy-tailed Mole
Parascalops breweri

Of the 3 moles that are found in the state, the Hairy-tailed mole is the smallest. It occurs in the mountains of eastern and middle Tennessee.

: A small, stout, streamlined mammal with concealed ears, tiny eyes, and a fleshy, movable snout. The velvety fur is dark gray or nearly black above and slightly lighter beneath. As the name suggests, its tail is densely furred and short. The broad front feet are enlarged, have large claws, and point outward to aid in digging underground tunnels.
Length: 5.5 - 6.8 inches
Tail: 0.9 - 1.4 inches
Weight: 1.38 - 2.38 ounces

Similar Species:

: Occurs in forested and open areas with loose, well-drained soils. Usually found in elevations above 1400 feet.

Earthworms are a principle food; also grubs, beetles, ants, and other invertebrates.

Breeding information:
Mating season begins in late winter or early spring. Females build a nest chamber, made of dried leaves and grass, below the surface of the ground. Litters of 2-6 (average 4-5) young are born after a 4-6 week pregnancy. Newborn moles are blind and nearly hairless. Young are weaned after a month of rapid growth. Moles only produce 1 litter per year due to their low predation rate.

Status in Tennessee:
Hairy-tailed Moles are uncommon in the state, and therefore Deemed in Need of Management by both TWRA and Tennessee Department or Environment and Conservation.

Fun Facts
  • The Hairy-tailed Mole, like other moles, tunnel deeper in the ground during the winter where it's better insulated from cold weather.
  • Moles are the most subterranean of all mammals.

Best places to see in Tennessee: Forests with loose soil in the Appalachian Mountains.

For more information:

Lindahl, M. 2003. "Parascalops breweri" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed August 22, 2011

Whitaker, Jr., J. O. 1980. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mammals. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York.