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MAMMALS » MEDIUM
Swamp Rabbit

Swamp Rabbit (Hunted)
Sylvilagus aquaticus

The Swamp Rabbit is generally found near water, as its name suggests, and is an excellent swimmer. It occurs in western Tennessee and some parts of middle Tennessee. It is the largest cottontail in the southeast and it is also known as a "cane-cutter."

Description: A medium-sized mammal with soft fur, large hind legs, rounded ears, and a fluffy white tail. The short, coarse fur is brownish-gray, often with a yellowish hue, mottled with black. It is white underneath, except for the buffy gray chest. The back of the neck is rust-colored and the hind feet are rusty brown on top, with large toenails.
Length: 16 - 22 inches

Tail: 1.6 - 3.0 inches
Ears: 2.5 - 3.8 inches
Weight: 2.5 - 6.0 pounds

Similar Species:
Eastern cottontail and Appalachian cottontails are generally smaller, with proportionately longer, pointier
ears, less black mottling in back fur, and whitish fur atop the hind feet.

Habitat:
Always occurs near water; usually in swampy lowlands, wetlands, marshes, cypress swamps, or canebrakes.

Diet:
Mainly herbivorous, feeding almost entirely at night on sedges, grasses, aquatic plants and herbs. They feed on more woody vegetation such as twigs, tree seedlings, and blackberry during winter months.

Breeding information: Breeding mainly occurs from February through July, rarely into August and September. Up to 5 litters are produced annually, each averaging 3 to 4 young. Gestation averages 38 days. The young are born well furred, but blind. The mother nurses the young even after they leave the nest (12-15 days).

Status in Tennessee: Swamp Rabbits are not considered threatened in Tennessee, and are sometimes common in suitable habitat.

Fun Facts:

  • When threatened, Swamp Rabbits will dash for the nearest body of water, dive in, and only leave their noses visible.
  • When caught in flooded forests with no dry ground available, they will sit on floating logs and trees and wait for floodwaters to recede. They will swim to other logs and feed, but can be approached closely in kayaks or canoes when stranded on floating logs.

Best places to see in Tennessee: West Tennessee in lowland and cypress swamps, and along river banks and tributaries of
the Mississippi river.

For more information:
University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
South Carolina DNR web site

Sources:
Schwartz, C.W. and E.R. Schwartz. 2001. The Wild Mammals of Missouri, 2nd Edition. University of Missouri Press and
Missouri Department of Conservation, Columbia, MO.